Did you know that family affection is so important in psychology? Studies show that children who do not feel family affection are impaired and grow up as violent individuals. But why? In this article, we will talk about attachment theory. What is attachment theory, and why is it so important?
First of all, attachment theory is the work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth.
Both scientists were affected by Sigmund Freud. Freud said a mother's or caregiver's job is only feeding a baby.
But according to the attachment theory, a baby first shows an affinity to the first caregiver. That person is mostly the mother. But it can be changed. Adjusting the environment's temperature as per the baby's needs, filling his stomach and changing his diaper are important for developing a sense of trust.
Connecting is a protector and stabilizer for babies. When the caregiver is there, the baby can play and discover the environment because he feels confident when he sees his caregiver. If the caregiver isn't there with the baby, the baby reacts.
This reaction has 3 stages:
- The baby starts crying when they break up with their caregiver. This is the way they protest this breakup.
- If the caregiver doesn't come back, the baby's motor activities slow down, and they become quiet.
- In the last stage, the baby acts normal, does normal things, and plays with their toys or something. They show a high degree of self-confidence.
Ainsworth did many experiments on this before. You can check one of them in here if you want :)
According to the research, securely attached children are more confident in the face of difficulties in their future lives, better at dealing with adverse situations, and more confident in their future social lives.
The attachment theory states that the connection between baby and caregiver is important for people's social lives. And if they have no healthy connection with their mother or caregiver, they will have unhealthy relationships and have less self-confidence in the future.
Aydınoğlu, B. A. (2017, 12 26). Children and Teenagers:Attachment Theory. Institute of behavioral sciences: https://www.dbe.com.tr/tr/cocuk-ve-genc/11/baglanma-teorisi/ adresinden alındı
Demirdağ, M. F. (2017). The Orıgıns Of Attachment Theory: John Bowlby And Mary Ainsworth. DergiPark.
Semerci, P. D. (2018, December 3). Secure Attachment: the baby and relationships.