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5 Must See European Monuments

Are you planning to spend your next vacation in Europe and not sure where to visit? Fear not as we will present you with 5 must-see monuments in Europe.
5 Must See European Monuments

Are you planning to spend your next vacation in Europe and not sure where to visit? Fear not, as we have you covered. Today we will present you with 5 must-see monuments in Europe, upon visiting which, your vacation will be more fulfilled with a sense of joy and satisfaction.

The Parthenon, Athens

The Parthenon in Athens, Greece, is the first on our list of must-see monuments. This ancient Greek temple, which rises above the capital, inspires pure admiration.

The Parthenon. Image Credit: Hoover

In Athens, the Parthenon can be seen for miles, and its design is recognized worldwide. It was constructed around 500 BC. The construction was finally completed in 438 BC. But additional decorations were added until 432 BC.

Greece, in ancient times, was full of architects, three of whom helped to create this massive structure. The Parthenon was designed by Phidias, the sculptor, as well as by Callicrates and Iktinos, architects to whom the work was entrusted. The Parthenon was built in honor of the Greek goddess Athena. This devotion also aptly explains the reason why it was called Parthenon because the name of the building comes from the word Parthenos, which translates to the word virgin and, of course, Athena was the virgin goddess.

If you are in Athens and you haven’t been to the Parthenon, then you have not visited Athens properly.

The Alhambra, Granada

The number of times this historic structure has been destroyed and rebuilt should be reason enough to venture inside the Alhambra.

The Alhambra. Image Credit: urnotrandom

The Alhambra was built in 889 and was initially intended to become a small fortress. Still, it was abandoned until the 11th century, when it underwent its first major renovation after centuries of negligence.

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It was transformed into a royal palace following its first restoration, allocating Yusef I in 1333. After having changed appearance, it then changed religion after the conquest of Andalusia by the Catholic kings in 1492. Many Christians have taken up residence in the Alhambra, the mosque was transformed into a church shortly after the conquest.

The palace of Charles V was built in the complex after 35 years and became a permanent residence for the monarch.

During the Napoleonic era, the Alhambra was again completely degraded, inhabited by vagrants throughout the era. It has also served as a barrack for soldiers on numerous occasions.

After this appalling period for the famous Alhambra, it was rediscovered in the 19th century by European researchers and travelers who immediately launched another restoration project to revive this marvelous architectural jewel. French domination of Spain ruined the incredible structure, and the final restoration was completed in the late 19th century.

And now? The Alhambra is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Spain, attracting more than 2,000,000 visitors a year, which equates to 8,500 a day!

If this amount of history and restoration does not tempt you, the magnificent architecture of the building should.

Anne Frank’s House, Amsterdam

The following recommendation is very different from the rest of the list and, in some circumstances, may not appear to be appealing for everyone.

Anne Frank's House. Image Credit: traveltalez.com

Anne Frank’s house in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, is an incredibly famous monument. It is one of Amsterdam’s biggest tourist attractions.

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Anne was born in Frankfurt and received a diary on her 13th birthday while living in the Netherlands. Her next two birthdays were spent in the annex of the house by herself, that we all know in today's society. She lived there with her parents, Edith and Otto, her sister, Margot, and four other Jewish people, Auguste van Pels and Hermann and their son Peter and another man by the name of Fritz Pfeffer.

The residents of this particular annex were arrested in August 1944 and taken to the Westerbork transit camp located in Holland before finally being taken to Auschwitz. The sole survivor of the Frank family was Otto. Anne and her mother having died between February and March 1945, only two weeks before the liberation of the camp by the British troops.

Her journal, published by Otto Frank on June 25, 1947, has since become one of the most important and valued historical, literary works of the 20th century.

It’s a great place to see and experience, and we highly recommend it to anyone interested in history.

St. Basil's Cathedral, Moscow

Built by Ivan the Terrible, this cathedral is a must if you find yourself wandering around Red Square in Moscow.

St. Basil's Cathedral. Image Credit: baomoi.com

Ivan, the tyrannical ruler, built Saint Basil's Cathedral after his victories against the independent Tatar Khanates of Astrakhan and Kazan. During the construction of the cathedral, the colors were supposed to be white and golden. The spectacular colors and patterns that we know so well today were not added until 200 years after the cathedral was completed.

The colors you see now are said to be a product of the biblical description taken from the Kingdom of Heaven in the book of Revelation. It is made up of nine chapels, which all stand around the tallest central chapel, which is over 47m high.

There is no doubt that Saint Basil's Cathedral is a real spectacle of the modern world, not to be missed. Just go to Moscow and see this hypnotic building before your own eyes.

The Colosseum, Rome

Moving away from the previous two, we come to something much more impressive in the Colosseum in Rome.

The Colosseum. Image Credit: loveExploring

This architectural wonder was the largest amphitheater in the Roman world, with an impressive size of 189 x 156 meters and a capacity of around 87,000 people - more than the capacity of the stadium that hosted the 2018 World Cup final!

The Colosseum was commissioned between 70 and 72 AD by Emperor Vespasian, a member of the Flavian dynasty. Vespasian created this monument as a gift to the inhabitants of Rome. His son Titus opened the Colosseum in the year 80 AD after the inaugural games that lasted 100 days. They included gladiator fights and wild animal fights.

Over time, weather, natural disasters, negligence, and vandalism have all played a role in the decline of this tall building to the spectacular ruins we see today. The most recent restoration of the Colosseum began in the 1990's after the problems mentioned above destroyed nearly two-thirds of the Colosseum. Since this restoration, the Colosseum has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in all of Italy, and it is not difficult to understand why.

The area around the Colosseum is beautiful; the Colosseum itself is gorgeous, everything around this place is simply stunning.

Go see it with your own eyes. Seriously.

So, which monument are you going to start up with? Let us know in the comments.

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References

Top 10 Historical Buildings in Europe. (N.d). Retrieved: ( 7 July 2020) https://www.euroventure.com/top-10-historical-buildings-in-europe/