Quite simply, the architectural style is a set of features and features that enable us to easily identify any building. It may include materials used in construction or even the method of construction. The history of the architectural style shows us that design trends change according to the beliefs, ideologies, and techniques available in each era.
While architecture continues to grow and change, some old styles and building styles are still present and prominent today. We can see them all over the world, whether in buildings, mosques, museums, and art galleries.
Whereas the architectural style reflected the ideologies of society in the past
centuries, it is now an artistic and expressive medium. Also, each of the major cities in the world boasts a group of their own architectural styles that give a different impression than other cities.
From Greek architecture to contemporary architecture, today we show you an overview of the history of architecture around the world.
Modern architecture first appeared in the first half of the twentieth century, and this architectural style relies on the use of the latest available technologies such as glass, steel, and reinforced concrete. The modern architectural style is an explicit rejection of all previous styles and building styles, especially neo-classical.
Modern architecture usually relies on simple engineering shapes, and it also builds on the construction site and architecture function.
Contemporary architecture is known as the architecture of the twenty-first century. Architects employ various architectural styles in construction, rather than relying on only one style. The goal of contemporary architectural style is to design buildings that defy expectations by their surprising and expressive nature.
Contemporary architecture relies on the use of large windows and curved lines, and is environmentally friendly in terms of design and materials used in construction.
The Victorian architectural style emerged in the mid and late nineteenth century, and dates back to the era of Queen Victoria who ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. This architectural style relies on the revival of old historical styles, and the introduction of new design patterns inspired by architectural styles In the Middle East and Asia.
Houses built in the Victorian architectural style are usually narrow, tall and asymmetric in shape, as they include stairs and towers and their façades boast decorations.
Islamic architecture, born in the seventh century, is inspired by many architectural styles such as Roman, Byzantine, Chinese, and even Indian. Islamic architecture was used to design many amazing and unforgettable buildings, such as the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. Islamic architectural style includes four main types of designs: mosques, graves, palaces, and fortresses.
Islamic-style buildings are easily recognizable, as they usually include wonderful arches, towers, and tile designs. The Islamic architectural style also features the use of indoor gardens.
Oriental architecture refers to the architectural style that originated in Asian countries such as China and Japan. Traditional oriental architecture usually includes open spaces inside closed buildings. Eastern architecture also focuses on the width of the building rather than its height.
Ancient Chinese architecture boasts wood, columns and beams, and structures are usually elegant, simple and flexible at the same time.
Classical architecture is inspired by ancient architectural styles, such as Greek and Roman architectural style. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, architecture witnessed the birth of new styles and styles while reshaping and redefining old styles. The styles of the classical architectural style differ greatly, but most depend on the use of decorative elements and building construction.
One of the oldest and simplest buildings based on classical architecture is the temple, a rectangular structure surrounded by columns.
In the mid-eighteenth century, with the emergence of the neoclassical movement, a new architectural style called neo-classical architecture was born. In essence, this style attempts to recreate some of the styles used in ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
Neo-classical architecture has many major features that distinguish it from other models, usually using simple geometric figures, columns, and empty walls.
Art Deco, an abbreviation of Arts Décoratifs, or decorative arts, became very popular in the 1920s and 1930s. This architectural style relies on combining modern techniques with the use of rich materials and skillful implementation. Art Deco is not just about buildings. Furniture, jewelery, fashion, and even cars and trains swept through.
Art Deco aims to provide a homogeneous appearance. It also depends on creating an impressive piece of art using arranged geometric shapes interspersed with exquisite decorative curves
n the end we can say that architecture has gone through many stages of development different from the ages, cultures and countries and was influenced by popular culture, customs, traditions and religions and architecture will continue to evolve over time.
Today technology has entered into the design of buildings and their exterior shape and the materials from which they are built, which made them more beautiful and stronger.
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