Pablo Escobar (part One)

Who is the leader of the richest drug trade in history? And how he turned from a poor peasant to one of the most wanted men in justice in Colombia

Pablo Escobar (part One)

We will talk about a man who has become one of the richest men in the world and a gangster in Colombia with tentacles across the world.

  • He smuggled 80 tons of drugs into the United States every year
  • He declared war on the government, killing hundreds of policemen, dozens of journalists and judges
  • His fortune reached a peak where he owned planes and his private airport
  • A private zoo and fleet of vehicles

Who is Pablo Escobar?

The most famous drug dealer in history and the Colombian politician, he founded and leader of a criminal organization known as the "Medellin Cartel".

Pablo was born into a family working in the countryside, and he demonstrated his skills at work when he was young.

He started his life in the underworld in the late 1960s, where he worked in smuggling, and in the early 1980s he participated in the production and marketing of marijuana and cocaine outside of Colombia.

Escobar founded the Medellín Cartel Organization after he formed alliances with gang masters in his country, and the organization was at the height of its power monopolizing the activity and sale of cocaine from production to consumption.

It controlled more than 80% of world drug production and 75% of the drug market in the United States. We can say that in a short period, perhaps ten years, he managed to build a criminal empire and made him this the strongest man in the Colombian mafia, and perhaps in the world.[1]

During this short period he possessed an enormous fortune estimated at between 25 and 30 billion US dollars (equivalent to approximately 54 billion dollars now), which made him the richest man in the world for seven consecutive years at that time.

In the early 1980s, Escobar attempted to polish his image by performing charitable work, such as building hospitals, orphanages, stadiums, and clubs.

In 1982 he occupied a seat in the Colombian House of Representatives, which was part of the alternative liberal movement, and through it he was responsible for building homes and soccer fields in western Colombia.

Pablo was able to gain great popularity due to his charitable work.

But in 1983, he lost his seat under the direct guidance of Justice Minister Rodrigo Lara, after the newspaper El Espectador published several articles on his illegal actions.

After several months, "Rodrigo" and the director of the Espectadorp were killed by order of Pablo Escobar.[2]

In the mid-1980s, the Pablo trade became larger and the gangs became stronger in Colombia, this caused a war between the government and the gangs, and caused concern to the then Colombian Prime Minister Belisario Betancourt, and he said he was ready to fight them and extradite drug dealers to the United States.

But after negotiation, kidnappings and assassinations of judges began,
In 1989, the Medellin cartel, led by Escobar, declared all-out war against the country.

A large group of well-trained, professional hired killers have been organized and have killed important and prominent personalities in the country and committed indiscriminate terrorist acts using car bombs in the main cities of the country
This spread panic, causing the government to kneel "on its knees." In the early 1990s, Pablo became the most wanted criminal in the world.

He was responsible for the assassination of 657 police officers between 1989 and 1993, He also had fierce confrontations against the Cali cartel, the paramilitary forces in Magdalena Media and finally "Los Pepes".

After the National Constituent Assembly was established in 1991, which gave Colombia a new constitution prohibiting extradition of citizens to the United States, Escobar decided to bring himself to justice on condition that he be held in the luxurious La Catedral prison.

After proving that he was still committing crimes while he was behind bars, the government decided to transfer him to a traditional prison, after which Escobar planned to escape, and took advantage of the back of the prison, which was not monitored, and was one of the most embarrassing cases of the prison authorities in the country.

After his escape, the government formed a so-called "search bloc" to arrest him, and after a year and a half of intense pursuit, he was shot and killed while trying to escape across the roofs of houses in Medellin, one day after his 44th birthday . [3]

Sources :

[1] Maru Gines, retrieved: (14/7/2020)  https://www.findagrave.com/pablo-escobar

[2] Christopher Minster , retrieved: (14/7/202) https://www.thoughtco.com/biography-of-pablo-escobar

[3] Marcela Grajales ,retrieved :(14/7/2020) https://web.archive.org/web/20170522135538/http://www.kean.edu:80/~eslprog/accents/2005/page2005_7.html


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