The Kurds ’carving out of autonomy in a central state like Iraq was not easy at all, and they had extensive secret contacts with countries hostile to Iraq in order to obtain support for their national cause, as Mustafa Barzani enjoyed close links with the leaders of the Kremlin and Soviet Intelligence (KGB) who had always disrupted British interests in the era of anti-communist monarchy in Iraq, how could he not have lived for more than 12 years in the Soviet Union as a refugee after fleeing the oppression of the Iranian government. However, the assumption of power by socialist governments to rule in Iraq changed the position of the Russians on Iraq as an ally, not an enemy. Of course, it didn't like Mustafa Barzani.
As usual, the latter played on the rope of the interests of the hostile countries in Baghdad to attract attention to the cause of its national people with the help of the CIA at one time and the Mossad (Israeli Intelligence) again and Iran was not Shahanshah and Khomeini far from the situation and used the Kurdish card to pressure Baghdad and obtain concessions from it...
In the 1970s, Iran was the most important ally of the United States in the region - it can even be said that it was more important than Israel, which the Shah had begun to consolidate with his government his resistance to Arab radicalism, and the main goal of US-Israeli-Iranian coordination was the Baathist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein in Iraq, Which was a left-wing secular government allied with the Soviet Union ..
During his visit to Tehran in late May 1972, on his way back from a summit meeting in Moscow, President Nixon assured the Shah that the United States would try hard to tip the scales. In the region in favor of Iran "by asserting that the Arab goals cannot be achieved through Arab radicalism or Soviet weapons in Iraq, the main instrument in American plans to upset the balance was the Kurdish separatists in the north, under the leadership of the Kurdistan Democratic Party led by Mustafa Barzani, and the party was receiving Weapons and training from Iran, the United States, and Israel, including Soviet weapons that the Israelis seized from Egypt in the 1973 war.
But the Iraqi counter-attack supported by the Soviet Union in late 1974 was much stronger than the capabilities of the Kurds, and in 1975 the Shah concluded an agreement with Baghdad (the Algiers Agreement) to give him concessions on some lands and make Iraq curb some Iranian exiles such as Ayatollah Khomeini - in exchange for him giving up The Shah for supporting the Kurdistan Democratic Party ..
The Iraqi Kurds faced disaster when the Iranian border was closed to them. Barzani wrote to Kissinger saying:
"Our movement and people are incredibly genocide and silently for everyone." .
But the Kurdish leader’s desperate pleas, for the CIA masterminds, went unheeded under an American administration that was focusing its efforts on Indochina and did not want to upset the Shah.