Bitcoin is also known as a digital currency that you can buy, sell, exchange without a bank. Satoshi Nakamoto is the creator of this currency. Since its lunch in 2009 it has risen very fast. Once it was sold for almost 150$ but as of November 13, 2021 bitcoin is sold for over 64.000 dollars. In February 2011 bitcoin was sold for just 1$. It is almost 64.000$ times less than today's price.

A brief history of bitcoin:

Bitcoin has a domain known as bitcoin.org. It was created on August 18, 2008. Bitcoin network has been achieved when Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator mined the block of the chain(genesis block). The first person who received the very first bitcoin is  Hall Finney that also created the system (RPoW) in 2004. He installed the software when it was released back on January 12, 2009, and he received 3 Bitcoin from the creator Nakamoto.

BlockChain systems show that Nakamoto had mined almost 1 million bitcoin which today is at least 64,557.779.212 USD dollars. He left and gave the network control to Gavin Andresen which he later became the lead developer of the Bitcoin legacy.

In 2011-2012 the major bitcoin was used in the black market as Silk road. They accepted this digital currency as payment and accepted almost 10 million bitcoins that were worth at least 214 million USD dollars. In 2012 bitcoin price started at 0.30 dollars. In 2012 the price starts at 5.27 bitcoin.

In March 2013 the blockchain temporarily resolve into two self-sufficient progression with dissimilar bylaws due to addiction in interpretation0.8 of the bitcoin software. The two blockchains were handled contemporaneously for six hours, each with its own interpretation of the sale history from the moment of the split. As a result, this blockchain came the longest chain and could be accepted by all actors, anyhow of their bitcoin software interpretation. During the spliGox exchange briefly halted bitcoin deposits and the price dropped by 23 to$ 37 before recovering to the former position of roughly$ 48 in the following hours.

In 2014, fees jumped at$ 770 and fell to$ 314 for the time. In 2015, fees jumped at$ 314 and climbed to$ 434 for the time. In 2016, fees rose and scrambled up to$ 998 by 1 January 2017.

In 2017 there were almost 2.0 to 5.8 million users that are using a crypto-currency waller, most of them are bitcoin waller. On July 21, 2017, bitcoin was 2.748 USD dollars, 52% more than Jully 14 2017, 1,835 USD dollars.

fees started at$ 998 in 2017 and rose to$ on 1 January 2018, after passing its each- time high of$ on 17 December 2017.  The chance of bitcoin trading in the Chinese renminbi fell from over 90 in September 2017 to lower than 1 in June 2018. In September 2018, anonymous discovered some vulnerability to the devs of the Bitcoin Core. A further test shows that the creation of the cubes is violating the 21 million coin maximum capacity.

Although other cryptocurrencies were stolen in Coinrail and Bancor, the price of Bitcoin was also affected due to investors' concerns about the security of cryptocurrency exchanges. In September 2019, the Intercontinental Exchange (owner of the New York Stock Exchange) began trading bitcoin futures on its exchange called Bakkt. Bakkt also announced that it will launch Bitcoin options in December 2019.

On March 13, 2020, after Bitcoin's trading price exceeded $10,000 in February 2020, it fell below $4,000 in a broad market sell-off. On March 11, 2020, 281,000 bitcoins were sold, and the owner only held them for 30 days. In contrast, ₿4,131 has been dormant for a year or more, which indicates that most of the Bitcoin fluctuations that day came from recent buyers. In the week of March 11, 2020, as buyers wanted to take advantage of low prices, the number of account registrations on the cryptocurrency exchange Kraken increased by 83% in a week when Bitcoin prices plummeted.  These events are attributed to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Invest in bitcoin:

Credit : BBCi

Just like stocks, you can buy and hold Bitcoin as an investment. You can even do this now in a special retirement account called a Bitcoin IRA. No matter where you choose to hold Bitcoin, people have different ideas on how to invest in it: some people buy and hold for the long term, some buy and intend to sell after the price rises, and others bet Its price fell. Over time, the price of Bitcoin has experienced substantial fluctuations, from as low as $5,165 to as high as $28,990 in 2020 alone. Most people who hold it are long-term Investors. Consumers can also invest in Bitcoin mutual funds by buying shares of Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC), although it is currently only open to qualified investors with at least US$200,000 in income or at least US$1 million in net assets.

Economics:

Bitcoin is a digital asset designed to be used as a currency for peer-to-peer transactions. The Economist stated in January 2015 that Bitcoin has three useful qualities in currency: they are “difficult to earn, have a limited supply, and are easy to verify. Some researchers, as of 2015, Bitcoin is more used As a payment system instead of currency. Economists define currency as serving the following three purposes: store of value, medium of exchange, and unit of account. According to The Economist in 2014, Bitcoin is the most suitable medium of exchange. However, this is controversial. An assessment by The Economist in 2018 showed that cryptocurrencies do not meet any of these three criteria.

Due to the decentralized nature of Bitcoin and its trading on online exchanges in many countries, the regulation of Bitcoin has been difficult. However, the use of Bitcoin may be criminalized, and the closure of exchanges and peer-to-peer economies in certain countries will constitute a de facto prohibition.  Regulations and prohibitions applicable to Bitcoin may be extended to similar cryptocurrency systems.

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What Is Bitcoin And How Does It Work?
Not only is Bitcoin the first cryptocurrency, but it’s also the best known of the more than 5,000 cryptocurrencies in existence today. Financial media eagerly covers each new dramatic high and stomach churning decline, making Bitcoin an inescapable part of the landscape. While the wild volatility
Bitcoin - Wikipedia