We hear the word "depression" a lot these days as if it has become a part of modern life. Depression has a devastating effect on thought, action, and emotion. But is every sorrow necessarily called depression? Is this disease worrying and has unfortunate consequences? According to the World Health Organization, 350 million people worldwide suffer from a depressive disorder. First of all, let's have a brief definition of depression.

What is depression?

Prolonged sadness, indifference to things we used to love, decreased concentration, excessive fatigue, and the like can all be signs of depression. This disease changes our feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. Depression can be accompanied by emotional and physical problems. Depressive disorder is not a weakness that can be relieved with a few days of care but requires long-term follow-up and treatment, constant care, and monitoring. but do not worry; We can all overcome depression. The sooner we get to the point of depression, the easier it is to treat it and the more time we enjoy living.

The first step in treating depression and preventing major depression is recognizing the symptoms of depression. To recognize the symptoms of depression, it is best to consult an expert and capable psychologist. Follow this article to learn more about the different dimensions of depression.

How do we know if we are depressed?

Knowing the symptoms of depression will help us and those around us to diagnose depression. Here are 12 of the most important symptoms of depression:

1. Feeling sad, empty and hopeless

2. Frenzy and resentment over trivial issues

3. Indifference and reluctance to do things that used to be interesting to us.

4. sleep disorders (Sleep deprivation or oversleeping)

5. Feeling tired or lacking in energy even without doing heavy work

6. Severe changes in appetite and weight (increased or decreased appetite for no reason or sudden obesity and weight loss)

7. Anxiety and restlessness

8. The pangs of conscience or guilt for the small things of the past

9. Decreased concentration, decreased problem-solving power

10. Decreased decision-making power

11. Thinking of death and suicide

12. Physical pain for no apparent reason

Why do we get depressed at all?

Depression does not lead to good and bad living conditions, and we can all get depressed in any situation. The most important causes of depression can be said as follows:

Changes in chemicals in the brain: Certain substances in the brain affect human mood. Disruption of the balance of these chemicals in the brain is one of the most important causes of depression.

1. Genetics: Depression can be inherited. For example, if one of the identical twins becomes depressed, there is a 70% chance that the other will be affected.

2. Personality: People with low self-esteem, people who do not know how to manage stress, or generally pessimistic people are more likely to be depressed.

3. Environmental factors: People who are exposed to violence, discrimination, abuse or poverty are more likely to develop depression.

But the good news is that depression can be treated at any age and for any reason.

How to treat your depression?

In the psychiatric world, depression is the most treatable disorder. There are several treatments for depression, depending on the cause and where it comes from. It is up to the psychiatrist to diagnose and choose the type of treatment for depression.

1- Treatment of depression with the help of medicine:

We mentioned above that upsetting the balance of chemicals in the brain can be one of the causes of depression, so returning the concentration of these chemicals to normal can eliminate depression. This balance is created by taking antidepressants. Contrary to popular belief, antidepressants are not sedative, hypnotic, stimulant, or addictive. One to two weeks after taking antidepressants, their effect on recovery begins. The full effect of these pills can be seen from the second or third month. If depression is not completely cured after this period, your doctor may prescribe more medication or increase the dose. After treating depression, especially severe depression, the specialist will usually ask the client to continue taking the pills for 6 months or more. Because of the high risk of recurrence of depression and to prevent it, treatment may continue for a long time.

2- Treatment of depression by the non-pharmacological method:

Can we do it ourselves? Yes, Sure. Give ourselves more rest and expect less from ourselves. Do not push yourself when you know you are not feeling well. Let's not forget mobility and exercise (at least walking). Let's go meet the people we love. Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables and nuts. Include fish and seafood in your meals.

Sleep problems in depression

Difficulty falling asleep or not being able to maintain sleep (such as waking up in the early hours of the morning and not falling asleep again) is very common in people with depression. Of course, a small number of people with depression also suffer from excessive sleep.

Chest pain in depression

Chest pain can be a sign of very serious problems such as heart disease and lung problems. Sometimes stomach problems are accompanied by chest pain. So if we feel pain in the chest, we must see a doctor determine the cause. If your doctor does not find a specific cause for chest pain, it may be due to depression. Depression increases the risk of heart disease. It is interesting to note that this relationship is two-way, meaning that those who have experienced a heart attack or stroke are also more prone to depression.

Fatigue and lack of energy in depression

If we still feel tired after a long sleep or long rest and do not have the energy to do our simple tasks and daily tasks, it is better to consider the possibility of depression. When fatigue is added to the symptoms of depression, both look much worse and put the person with depression in a very difficult situation.

Muscle and joint pain

People who endure pain for a long time are more at risk for depression. On the other hand, depression can also cause pain. Given that similar chemicals are used in the brain to regulate mood as well as to transmit pain sensation, this association seems logical. It is worth noting that people with depression are three times more likely to have chronic pain, including muscle aches.

Gastrointestinal disorders in depression

It may be hard to believe, but the brain and intestines are so closely connected. For this reason, when we face stress or anxiety, we experience nausea or stomach pain. Depression can affect our intestines and lead to nausea, indigestion, diarrhea, or constipation.


Reputable medical research shows that people with a major depressive disorder are three times more likely to develop migraines. Unfortunately, people with migraines are five times more likely to develop depression.

Appetite or weight changes in depression

Depression has different effects on different people's appetites: it reduces the appetite of one group and, conversely, the other group cannot control their eating. The result is clear: some people are thin and some are obese. The association of eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa, with depression has also been proven and should be considered.


If back pain constantly bothers us, it may be due to depression. People with depression are four times more likely to have low back pain or severe headaches.

Anxiety and confusion

Depression and sleep problems can cause anxiety and distress. In men, this condition can also occur with violent behaviors. For many violent men, seeing a neurologist (psychiatrist) is a lasting solution to ending their violence.

Sexual dysfunction

Depression drastically reduces a person's interest in sexual activity. Unfortunately, some antidepressants also cause sexual dysfunction. Therefore, it is necessary to put aside embarrassment when visiting a doctor and consult with him about sexual problems so that he can be careful in prescribing medicine. So far we have seen how interdependent our physical and mental condition is. The following is a positive link between physical and mental well-being:

Exercise to help treat depression

Some chemicals increase in the brains of people who exercise regularly. These substances make a person:

Make good sense Get in a better mood Be less sensitive to pain Exercise alone does not cure depression, but it does help treat depression in the long run. When we are depressed, we may feel that we do not have enough energy to exercise. Defeat this thought, get up and exercise; Because mobility reduces the feeling of tiredness and improves sleep.

and finally…

The pressures of today's lifestyle can make anyone depressed. Depression easily hides. Knowing it requires high accuracy. Be careful about yourself and those around you. If we see signs of depression in ourselves, instead of denying or hiding it, identify and defeat depression by making simple habits such as exercise, healthy eating, and seeing a psychiatrist, and taking prescribed medications. A good mood and happy life are the right of all of us.